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Aging with HIV in the ART era


In the current era of therapy for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), life expectancy for persons living with HIV (PLWH) approaches that of the general population. This newly prolonged survival among PLWH is associated with an increased prevalence of comorbidities due to the inflammation, immune activation and immune senescence associated with HIV infection. Higher prevalence of tobacco and alcohol use, co-infection with viral hepatitis and traditional cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension and hyperlipidemia contribute as well. In this review, we hope to describe the current comorbidities occurring among PLWH and bring increased awareness for conditions that may otherwise not be considered given the younger age at time of presentation.