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Multi-functional poly(vinylidene fluoride) graft copolymers

ABSTRACT

Poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) is known for its biocompatibility, piezo and pyro-electricity, and membrane forming capability. In order to tune its properties, modification through grafting from approach by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) is preferred. Hydrophilic polymers like poly(ethylene glycol) methacrylate, poly(methacrylic acid), poly(dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate) (PDMAEMA), and so forth have been anchored from PVDF backbone in order to make permeation of water molecules through the PVDF based membranes. The successful solution grafting of PDMAEMA chains from PVDF backbone by ATRP resulted appreciable graft conversion and hence its bulk properties showed a significant change. This water soluble graft copolymer shows incredible mechanical and adhesive properties. PVDF-g-poly(n-butyl methacrylate) generates honey-comb porous film using “breath figure” technique. Recently, they have used further improvement of grafting where model ATRP initiators are anchored using atom transfer radical coupling and used them as macroinitiators for grafting. This approach simplified the grafting reactions even more and enabled successful grafting of a large number of monomers under relatively less drastic conditions with appreciable conversion compared with the previous conditions. This technique has resulted interesting solution properties, ion and electron conducting PVDF, antifouling membrane, super glue and super tough materials, capable of generating metal nanoparticles tunable with pH and temperature. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem. 2017