XMM-Newton RGS spectrum of RX J0720.4-3125: An absorption feature at 0.57 keV

Research paper by V. Hambaryan, R. Neuhäuser, F. Haberl, M. M. Hohle, A. D. Schwope

Indexed on: 10 Mar '09Published on: 10 Mar '09Published in: arXiv - Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics


We found a narrow absorption feature at 0.57keV in the co-added RGS spectrum of the isolated neutron star RX J0720.4-3125 with an equivalent width of 1.35+/-0.3eV and FWHM ~6.0eV. The feature was identified with an absorption line of highly ionized oxygen OVII, most probably originating in the ambient medium of RX J0720.4-3125. An extensive investigation with the photo-ionization code CLOUDY indicates the possibility that the optical flux excess observed in the spectrum of RX J0720.4-3125 at least partially originates in a relatively dense (e.g. nH~10^8 cm^-3) slab, located in the vicinity of the neutron star (e.g. ~10^10cm).