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Worldwide distribution and abundance of microplastic: How dire is the situation?

Research paper by Fauziah F Shahul Hamid, Mehran Sanam MS Bhatti, Norkhairiyah N Anuar, Norkhairah N Anuar, Priya P Mohan, Agamuthu A Periathamby

Indexed on: 15 Aug '18Published on: 15 Aug '18Published in: Waste Management and Research



Abstract

The widespread occurrence of microplastic has invaded the environment to an extent that it appears to be present throughout the globe. This review investigated the global abundance and distribution of microplastics in marine and freshwater ecosystems. Furthermore, the issues and challenges have been addressed for better findings in microplastics studies. Findings revealed that the accumulation of microplastics varies geographically, with locations, hydrodynamic conditions, environmental pressure, and time. From this review, it is crucial that proper regulations are proposed and implemented in order to reduce the occurrence of microplastics in the aquatic environment. Without appropriate law and regulations, microplastic pollution will eventually threaten human livelihood.