Indexed on: 22 Nov '14Published on: 22 Nov '14Published in: ACS Nano
Phase-separated and self-assembled co-network materials offer a simple route to bicontinuous morphologies, which are expected to be highly beneficial for applications such as ion, charge, and oxygen transport. Despite these potential advantages, the programmed creation of co-network structures has not been achieved, largely due to the lack of well-controlled chemistries for their preparation. Here, a thiol-ene end-linking platform enables the systematic investigation of phase-separated poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and polystyrene (PS) networks in terms of the molecular weight and relative volume fractions of precursor polymers. The ion conductivity and storage modulus of these materials serve as probes to demonstrate that both phases percolate over a wide range of compositions, spanning PEG volume fractions from ∼0.3-0.65. Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) shows that microphase separation of these co-networks yields disordered structures with d-spacings that follow d∼Mn0.5, for 4.8 kg/mol<Mn<37 kg/mol, where Mn is the molecular weight of the precursor polymers at the same ratio of PEG to PS. Over this range of molecular weights and corresponding d-spacings (22-55 nm), the ion conductivity (10(-4.7) S/cm at 60 °C), thermal properties (two glass transitions, low PEG crystallinity), and mechanical properties (storage modulus ≈90 MPa at 30 °C) remained similar. These findings demonstrate that this approach to thiol-ene co-networks is a versatile platform to create bicontinuous morphologies.