Indexed on: 08 Aug '18Published on: 08 Aug '18Published in: Genome biology and evolution
Allopolyploidization plays an important role in speciation and some natural or synthetic allopolyploid fishes have been extensively applied to aquaculture. Although genetic and epigenetic inheritance and variation associated with plant allopolyploids have been well documented, the relative research in allopolyploid animals is scarce. In this study, the genome constitution and DNA methylation inheritance in a newly synthetic allopolyploid of gynogenetic gibel carp were analyzed. The incorporation of a whole genome of paternal common carp sperm in the allopolyploid was confirmed by genomic in situ hybridization (GISH), chromosome localization of 45S rDNAs and sequence comparison. Pooled sample-based methylation sensitive amplified polymorphism (MSAP) revealed that an overwhelming majority (98.82%) of cytosine methylation patterns in the allopolyploid were inherited from its parents of hexaploid gibel carp clone D and common carp. Compared to its parents, 11 DNA fragments in the allopolyploid were proved to be caused by inter-individual variation, recombination, deletion, and mutation through individual sample-based MSAP and sequencing. Contrast to the rapid and remarkable epigenetic changes in most of analyzed neopolyploids, no cytosine methylation variation was detected in the gynogenetic allopolyploid. Therefore, the newly synthetic allopolyploid of gynogenetic gibel carp combined genomes from its parents and maintained genetic and epigenetic stability after its formation and subsequently seven successive gynogenetic generations. Our current results provide a paradigm for recurrent polyploidy consequences in the gynogenetic allopolyploid animals.