Weight-change as a prognostic marker in 12 550 patients following acute myocardial infarction or with stable coronary artery disease.

Research paper by Linn M A LM Kennedy, Kenneth K Dickstein, Stefan D SD Anker, Margaret M James, Thomas J TJ Cook, Krister K Kristianson, Ronnie R Willenheimer

Indexed on: 08 Aug '06Published on: 08 Aug '06Published in: European heart journal


To examine the prognostic importance of weight-change in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), especially following acute myocardial infarction (AMI).In 4360 AMI patients (OPTIMAAL trial) without baseline oedema, we assessed 3-month weight-change, baseline body mass index (BMI), demographics, patient history, medication, physical examination, and biochemical analyses. Weight-change was defined as change >+/-0.1 kg/baseline BMI-unit. Patients were accordingly categorized into three groups; weight-loss, weight-stability, and weight-gain. Our findings were validated in 4012 AMI patients (CONSENSUS II trial) and 4178 stable CAD patients (79% with prior AMI, 4S trial). Median follow-up was 2.7 years, 3 months, and 4.4 years, respectively. In OPTIMAAL, 3-month weight-loss (vs. weight-stability) independently predicted increased all-cause death [n=471; hazard ratio (HR) 1.26; 95% CI 1.01-1.56; P=0.039] and cardiac death (n=299, HR 1.33, 95% CI 1.02-1.73, P=0.034). Weight-gain yielded risk similar to weight-stability (HR 1.07, P=0.592 and 0.97, P=0.866, respectively). In CONSENSUS II, 3-month weight-loss independently predicted increased mortality (HR 3.87, P=0.008). Weight-gain yielded risk similar to weight-stability (HR 1.11, P=0.860). In 4S, 1-year weight-loss independently predicted increased mortality (HR 1.44, P=0.004). Weight-gain conferred risk similar to weight-stability (HR 1.05, P=0.735).In patients following AMI or with stable CAD, weight-loss but not weight-gain was independently associated with increased mortality risk.