Indexed on: 23 May '12Published on: 23 May '12Published in: arXiv - Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics
We study the effect of weak lensing by cosmic (super-)strings on the anisotropies of cosmic microwave background (CMB). In developing a method to calculate the lensing convergence field due to strings, and thereby temperature and polarization angular power spectra of CMB, we clarify how the nature of strings, characterized by the intercommuting probability, can influence these CMB anisotropies. Assuming that the power spectrum is dominated by Poisson-distributed string segments, we find that the convergence spectrum peaks at low multipoles and is mostly contributed from strings located at relatively low redshifts. As the intercommuting probability decreases, the spectra of the convergence and hence the lensed temperature and polarizations are gained because the number density of string segments becomes larger. An observationally important feature of the string-induced CMB polarizations is that the string-lensed spectra decay more slowly on small scales compared with primordial scalar perturbations from standard inflation.