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Wavelet versus detrended fluctuation analysis of multifractal structures.

Research paper by Paweł P Oświecimka, Jarosław J Kwapień, Stanisław S Drozdz

Indexed on: 16 Aug '06Published on: 16 Aug '06Published in: Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics



Abstract

We perform a comparative study of applicability of the multifractal detrended fluctuation analysis (MFDFA) and the wavelet transform modulus maxima (WTMM) method in proper detecting of monofractal and multifractal character of data. We quantify the performance of both methods by using different sorts of artificial signals generated according to a few well-known exactly soluble mathematical models: monofractal fractional Brownian motion, bifractal Lévy flights, and different sorts of multifractal binomial cascades. Our results show that in the majority of situations in which one does not know a priori the fractal properties of a process, choosing MFDFA should be recommended. In particular, WTMM gives biased outcomes for the fractional Brownian motion with different values of Hurst exponent, indicating spurious multifractality. In some cases WTMM can also give different results if one applies different wavelets. We do not exclude using WTMM in real data analysis, but it occurs that while one may apply MFDFA in a more automatic fashion, WTMM must be applied with care. In the second part of our work, we perform an analogous analysis on empirical data coming from the American and from the German stock market. For this data both methods detect rich multifractality in terms of broad f(alpha), but MFDFA suggests that this multifractality is poorer than in the case of WTMM.