Wavelength and temperature characteristics of BiYbIG film/YIG crystal composite structure for magneto-optical applications

Research paper by M. Huang, Z.-C. Xu

Indexed on: 01 Jun '05Published on: 01 Jun '05Published in: Applied Physics A


We report the wavelength and temperature characteristics of novel Bi-substituted rare-earth iron garnet films grown on a YIG substrate by a modified liquid phase epitaxy (LPE) technique. The Faraday-rotation spectrum was measured by the magneto-optically modulated dual-frequency technique with the wavelength varied from 800 nm to 1700 nm. The resultant Bi0.37Yb2.63Fe5O12 (BiYbIG) LPE film/YIG crystal structure showed an increased Faraday-rotation coefficient due to Bi3+-ion doping on the dodecahedral sites of the iron garnet without increasing absorption loss; therefore, a good magneto-optical figure of merit, defined by the ratio of Faraday rotation and optical absorption loss, has been achieved (21.5 deg/dB and 30.2 deg/dB at 1300-nm and 1550-nm wavelengths, respectively, at room temperature). In addition, since the Yb3+ and Y3+ ions provide opposite contributions to the wavelength and temperature characteristics of the Faraday rotation, the resultant BiYbIG LPE film/YIG crystal structure showed a flat Faraday-rotation curve versus wavelength and temperature. The Faraday-rotation wavelength coefficient was reduced to 0.06 %/nm at 1550-nm wavelength. The Faraday-rotation temperature derivative was reduced to 0.006 deg/°C at 1300-nm wavelength and 0.007 deg/°C at 1550-nm wavelength, respectively.