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Water, Vol. 12, Pages 772: Deciphering Morphological Changes in a Sinuous River System by Higher-Order Velocity Moments

Research paper by Jyotismita Taye, Jyotirmoy Barman, Bimlesh Kumar, Giuseppe Oliveto

Indexed on: 15 Mar '20Published on: 11 Mar '20Published in: Water



Abstract

Bank erosion in a sinuous alluvial channel is a continuous phenomenon resulting in bank instability and migration of sediment. In this study, flume experiments were conducted in a sinuous channel to investigate its morphological changes and hydrodynamics. High-order velocity fluctuation moments are analyzed at outer and inner banks to explain the morphological variation in a sinuous river channel. The variance of streamwise velocity fluctuations on both banks of the sinuous channel follows a logarithmic law from a particular depth. In the outer bend region, the magnitude of velocity fluctuation moment is significant, indicating erosion. The trend of velocity fluctuation at higher even-order moments is similar to the variance of streamwise velocity fluctuations where the outer bend magnitude is greater than the inner bend. The premultiplied probability density functions (PDFs) and the flatness factor show greater magnitude in the outer bend of the channel as compared to the inner bend.