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Voltage gated ion channels blockade is the underlying mechanism of BIMU8 induced cardiotoxicity.

Research paper by Shahid Muhammad SM Iqbal, Rosa R Lemmens-Gruber

Indexed on: 30 May '17Published on: 30 May '17Published in: Toxicology Letters



Abstract

BIMU8 is a 5-HT4a receptor agonist and used as an experimental drug to counteract opioid induced respiratory depression. In preliminary experiments serious disturbances in ECG were observed in anesthetized rabbits which prompted us to explore the underlying cause of BIMU8 induced abnormal changes in ECG recordings. Electrophysiological experiments were performed on HEK-293 cells expressing hERG, CaV1.2 and NaV1.5 ion channels. In whole-cell recordings BIMU8 effectively blocked these three channels, with IC50 values of 0.06±0.05, 1.46±0.26 and 4.66±0.58μM for hERG, NaV1.5 and CaV1.2, respectively. Additionally it also produced a hyperpolarizing shift of 3.27mV in half maximal activation and 12.87mV in fast inactivation of NaV1.5 channel. These experimental findings indicate that BIMU8 is a potent blocker of hERG, NaV1.5 and CaV1.2 cardiac ion channels thus revealing its proarrhythmic potential.