Indexed on: 26 Nov '15Published on: 26 Nov '15Published in: Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain Medicine
Over-triage rates related to the use of Vittel criteria are unknown. We compared severe stable trauma patients with and without significant visceral injuries.A single-centre retrospective analysis of a single-centre prospective cohort.Trauma patients with at least one positive Vittel criterion from June 2010 to January 2012 in a level-1 trauma centre. Initial management included a systematic whole-body scanner. All significant lesions in stable trauma patients were recorded.A total of 252 trauma patients were admitted. One hundred and twenty were stable. In this group without vital distress, 72 (60%) had at least one occult lesion, 21 (17.5%) had an isolated orthopaedic injury and 27 (22.5%) had no injury. Thoracic injuries accounted for 44% of visceral injuries, abdominal for 17%, spinal for 16% and cerebral for 15%. Overall, the over-triage rate was 19%. Surgery for significant visceral injury was performed in 13 patients (18%) and arteriography in 4 patients (5.5%). Admission in an intensive care unit was required for 13 patients with occult injuries and for one patient without such a lesion (18% versus 2%, P=0.008). Hospital stays were longer in the group with visceral injuries (4±7 versus 9±8days; P=0.006).Vittel criteria use in trauma patients induces an acceptable over-triage rate. A large proportion of stable trauma patients have occult lesions. These visceral injuries frequently require special care. These data highlight the imperative need to transport major trauma patients immediately to a dedicated trauma centre and supports whole-body scanner use.
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