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Viscoelastic characteristic value-measuring apparatus and method of measuring viscoelastic characteristic value

Imported: 24 Feb '17 | Published: 06 Jan '04

Kiyoto Maruoka, Jun Nishibayashi

USPTO - Utility Patents

Abstract

In a viscoelastic characteristic value-measuring apparatus, using a split Hopkinson's bar, a first strain gauge (

7) and a second strain gauge (

9) are installed on an input bar (

3) which is hit with a impact bar. A third strain gauge (

11) and a fourth strain gauge (

13) are installed on an output bar (

5) which is connected with the input bar (

3) through a specimen (

20) put between the input bar (

3) and the output bar (

5). The length of the input bar is set to not less than 1000 mm nor more than 2500 mm. The length of said output bar is set to not less than 700 mm nor more than 2200 mm. The propagation speed of a strain in the input bar and the output bar is set to not less than 1200 m/s nor more than 1800 m/s.

Description

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is an illustrative front view showing a viscoelastic characteristic value-measuring apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a graph showing a typical stress-strain curve.

FIG. 3 is a graph showing a strain wave measured by a viscoelastic characteristic value-measuring apparatus of an embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 4 is a graph showing a strain wave measured by a viscoelastic characteristic value-measuring apparatus of a comparison example.

Claims

1. A viscoelastic characteristic value-measuring apparatus having an input bar and an output bar arranged in a straight line to put a specimen therebetween; first and second strain gauges installed on said input bar: and third and fourth strain gauges installed on said output bar,

and is set to be a small difference between the propagation speed of the strain in the input bar and the output bar and that of the strain in the specimen, in order to measure correctly a third reflected strain wave which is reflected from the rear end of the specimen to the front end of the input bar, preventing the third reflected strain waves and a second reflected strain wave which is reflected again from the front end of the input bar to the rear end of the input bar from interfering with each other.

2. The measuring apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said input bar and said output bar are made of a polymer respectively.

3. The measuring apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said first strain gauge is installed on said input bar between a position spaced 500 mm from a rear end of said input bar and a position spaced 1100 mm from said rear end of said input bar; and said second strain gauge is installed on said input bar between a position spaced 250 mm from said rear end of said input bar and a position spaced 750 mm from said rear end of said input bar.

4. The measuring apparatus according to claim 3, wherein said first strain gauge and said second strain gauge are installed on said input bar by spacing said first strain gauge and said second strain gauge at an interval not less than 200 mm.

5. A method of measuring a viscoelastic characteristic value by using the viscoelastic characteristic value-measuring apparatus according to claim 1, comprising the steps of:

6. The method according to claim 5, wherein a correction is performed which removes a high-frequency wave having a frequency more than 10 KHz from said incident strain wave, said reflected strain wave, and said transmitted strain wave measured with said first, second, third, and fourth strain gauges.

7. The method according to claim 5, wherein a length of said specimen is set to not less than 1 mm nor more than 5 mm.

8. The method according to claim 5, wherein the viscoelastic characteristic value is computed as a Young's modulus.

9. The method according to claim 5, wherein the viscoelastic characteristic value is computed as a loss factor.