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Valve unit for controlling the delivery of a combustible gas

Imported: 24 Feb '17 | Published: 06 Jan '04

Salvatore Pappalardo, Giuseppe Veronese

USPTO - Utility Patents

Abstract

A valve unit for controlling the delivery of a combustible gas through a gas path comprises a first valve seat in the gas path and a first closure means associated with the seat, a first actuator means for the control of the closure means for opening and closing of the valve seat and also motor means for the operating control of the first actuator means. The unit further comprises a second electromagnetic actuator means interposed between the closure means and the first actuator means to urge the closure means so as to close the valve seat, independently of the operating position of the first actuator means, when a predetermined condition occurs which requires the interception of the valve seat.

Description

The characteristics and advantages of the invention will become clear from the following detailed description of some of its preferred exemplary embodiments illustrated by way of non-limiting example with reference to the appended drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a view in longitudinal section of a valve unit according to the invention,

FIG. 2 is a view in longitudinal section of a first alternative embodiment of the valve unit of FIG. 1,

FIGS. 3 to

6 are views in longitudinal section of a second alternative embodiment of the invention in different operating positions,

FIGS. 7 to

10 are views in longitudinal section of a third alternative embodiment of the invention in different operating positions,

FIGS. 11 to

13 are views in longitudinal section of a fourth alternative embodiment of the invention in different operating positions,

FIGS. 14 to

16 are views in longitudinal section of a fifth alternative embodiment of the invention in different operating positions,

FIGS. 17 to

19 are views in longitudinal section of a sixth alternative embodiment of the invention in different operating positions.

Claims

1. A valve unit for controlling the delivery of a combustible gas, including a gas path between a feed opening and a delivery opening, the unit comprising:

2. A valve unit according to claim 1, wherein said motor means comprise a direct current motor.

3. A valve unit according to claim 2, wherein said motor is a stepping motor.

4. A valve unit according to claim 2, wherein said motor is a motor with reversible rotation.

5. A valve unit according to claim 1, wherein the first actuator means comprises an operating rod and a screw/nut-screw coupling between a rotor of the motor and said operating rod, said rod being rigidly connected to one of said screw and screw-nut.

6. A valve unit according to claim 5, wherein said second electromagnetic actuator means comprises an electromagnet with a magnetizable fixed part integral with the first actuator means and a second, movable part, said second part being able to be rigidly connected to the fixed part of the first actuator means, as a consequence of the energizing of the electromagnet, counter to resilient means acting on said first closure means to urge the latter to close the said first seat.

7. A valve unit according to claim 6, wherein said rod is rigidly connected to the fixed part of said electromagnet.

8. A valve unit according to claim 6, wherein the movable part of the electromagnet is integral with the first closure means.

9. A valve unit according to claim 5, comprising guide means for guiding the operating rod axially in the control of said closure means as a result of rotation of the rotor about its own axis.

10. A valve unit according to claim 5, comprising a second valve seat in said gas path and a respective second closure means associated with said second seat, said first motor driven actuator means acting directly on said second closure means to control the latter for opening/closing of said second valve seat.

11. A valve unit according to claim 10, comprising a third electromagnetic actuator means arranged coaxially with said second closure means and said operating rod, said second closure means being interposed between said operating rod and said third electromagnetic actuator.

12. A valve unit according to claim 10, wherein the control for opening said first and second closure means occurs sequentially by means of the actuation of said first motor driven actuator means.

13. A valve unit according to claim 10, wherein said second closure means is associated with the corresponding valve seat so as to have a stroke for closing said seat directed in the same direction as the direction of the flow of gas supplied through said valve seat.

14. A valve unit according to claim 13, comprising an auxiliary opening communicating with a chamber provided in said gas passage and in which said first and second valve seat are open.

15. A valve unit according to claim 1, wherein said first actuator means and said first closure means are operably connected to each other by way of a first linkage, said second electromagnetic actuator means acting on said linkage.

16. A valve unit according to claim 15, wherein said first linkage comprises a lever of the first kind including first and second hinge connection means respectively between the lever and the first actuator means and between the lever and the first closure means, fulcrum means being associated with the lever, in an intermediate position thereof, to pivot the lever in the operating control of said first closure means.

17. A valve unit according to claim 16, wherein said fulcrum means are movable relative to a stationary structure of the valve unit.

18. A valve unit according to claim 17, wherein said fulcrum means are movably guided in a direction substantially parallel to the direction of actuation of said first closure means.

19. A valve unit according to claim 17, further comprising:

20. A valve unit according to claim 19, wherein each of said linkages comprises a respective lever of the first kind including respective first and second hinge connection means between each lever and the first actuator means and between each lever and the corresponding first and second closure means, fulcrum means being associated with each respective lever in an intermediate position of the latter, to pivot each lever in the operating control of the corresponding closure means.

21. A valve unit according to claim 20, wherein the fulcrum means of each respective lever are movable relative to a stationary structure of the valve unit.

22. A valve unit according to claim 20, wherein said second linkage comprises a first and a second lever extending one to another and reciprocally articulated, fulcrum means being associated with each respective lever of said second linkage, said second closure means being connected by means of hinge connection to said second lever at the opposite side to the first lever with respect to the corresponding fulcrum means.

23. A valve unit according to claim 19, wherein said second and third electromagnetic actuator means act on the respective fulcrum means to pivot the corresponding lever with respect to the first actuator means, about the corresponding first hinge means, and consequently displace each closure means so as to close the respective valve seat, independently of the operating position of the first actuator means, when said condition occurs which requires the interception of said valve seats.

24. A valve unit according to claim 19, wherein said second closure means is connected to the corresponding linkage at said fulcrum means, said third electromagnetic actuator means acting on the linkage on the opposite side from the hinge connection with the operating rod with respect to the fulcrum means.

25. A valve unit according to claim 19, wherein the control for closing and opening of said first and second closure means occurs concomitantly by means of the actuation of said first motor driven actuator means.

26. A valve unit according to claim 16, wherein said second electromagnetic actuator acts on said fulcrum means to pivot the lever with respect to the first actuator means, about said first hinge means, and consequently displace said first closure means so as to close said first seat, independently of the operating position of the first actuator means, when said condition occurs which requires the interception of said first valve seat.

27. A valve unit according to claim 16, wherein said second electromagnetic actuator means comprises an electromagnet with a magnetizable fixed part and a second, movable part, said second part being able to be rigidly connected to the first part as a consequence of the energizing of the electromagnet, said movable part being rigidly connected to said fulcrum means.

28. A valve unit according to claim 27, comprising a housing in which said gas passage is defined and a cover for closure of said housing, the fixed part of the electromagnet capable of anchorage by magnetization with the movable part being provided in one piece with said cover.