Indexed on: 19 Jun '15Published on: 19 Jun '15Published in: Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect
We report on high-accuracy measurements of quantized current, sourced by a tunable-barrier single-electron pump at frequencies $f$ up to $1$ GHz. The measurements were performed with a new picoammeter instrument, traceable to the Josephson and quantum Hall effects. Current quantization according to $I=ef$ with $e$ the elementary charge was confirmed at $f=545$ MHz with a total relative uncertainty of 0.2 ppm, improving the state of the art by about a factor of 5. For the first time, the accuracy of a possible future quantum current standard based on single-electron transport was experimentally validated to be better than the best realization of the ampere within the present SI.