Utilization of O 4 slant column density to derive aerosol layer height from a spaceborne UV-Visible hyperspectral sensor: Sensitivity and case study.

Research paper by Sang Seo SS Park, Jhoon J Kim, Hanlim H Lee, Omar O Torres, Kwang-Mog KM Lee, Sang Deok SD Lee

Indexed on: 05 Aug '20Published on: 01 Feb '16Published in: Atmospheric chemistry and physics (Print)


The sensitivities of oxygen-dimer (O) slant column densities (SCDs) to changes in aerosol layer height are investigated using the simulated radiances by a radiative transfer model, the Linearlized pseudo-spherical vector discrete ordinate radiative transfer (VLIDORT), and the Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (DOAS) technique. The sensitivities of the O4 index (O4I), which is defined as dividing O SCD by 10 moleculescm, to aerosol types and optical properties are also evaluated and compared. Among the O absorption bands at 340, 360, 380, and 477 nm, the O absorption band at 477 nm is found to be the most suitable to retrieve the aerosol effective height. However, the O4I at 477 nm is significantly influenced not only by the aerosol layer effective height but also by aerosol vertical profiles, optical properties including single scattering albedo (SSA), aerosol optical depth (AOD), particle size, and surface albedo. Overall, the error of the retrieved aerosol effective height is estimated to be 1276, 846, and 739 m for dust, non-absorbing, and absorbing aerosol, respectively, assuming knowledge on the aerosol vertical distribution shape. Using radiance data from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI), a new algorithm is developed to derive the aerosol effective height over East Asia after the determination of the aerosol type and AOD from the MODerate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS). About 80% of retrieved aerosol effective heights are within the error range of 1 km compared to those obtained from the Cloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization (CALIOP) measurements on thick aerosol layer cases.