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Usual interstitial pneumonia in ANCA-associated vasculitis: A poor prognostic factor.

Research paper by Thibault T Maillet, Tiphaine T Goletto, Guillaume G Beltramo, Henry H Dupuy, Stéphane S Jouneau, Raphael R Borie, Bruno B Crestani, Vincent V Cottin, Daniel D Blockmans, Estibaliz E Lazaro, Jean-Marc JM Naccache, Grégory G Pugnet, Hilario H Nunes, Mathilde M de Menthon, Hervé H Devilliers, et al.

Indexed on: 03 Oct '19Published on: 02 Oct '19Published in: Journal of autoimmunity



Abstract

Progressive fibrosing interstitial lung disease (ILD) is rarely associated with antineutrophil cytoplasm antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV). This study focused on the outcomes of ILD patients with associated AAV (AAV-ILD). AAV-ILD (cases: microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) or granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) with ILD) were compared to AAV patients without ILD (controls). ILD was defined as a usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) or non-specific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP) pattern. Two controls were matched to each case for age (>or ≤65 years), ANCA status (PR3-or MPO-positive) and creatininemia (≥or <150 μmol/L). Sixty-two cases (89% MPO-ANCA+) were included. Median age at AAV diagnosis was 66 years. ILD (63% UIP), was diagnosed before (52%) or simultaneously (39%) with AAV. Cases versus 124 controls less frequently had systemic vasculitis symptoms. One-, 3- and 5-year overall survival rates, respectively, were: 96.7%, 80% and 66% for cases versus 93.5%, 89.6% and 83.8% for controls (p = 0.008). Multivariate analyses retained age >65 years (hazard ratio (HR) 4.54; p < 0.001), alveolar haemorrhage (HR 2.25; p = 0.019) and UIP (HR 2.73; p = 0.002), but not immunosuppressant use, as factors independently associated with shorter survival. For AAV-ILD patients, only UIP was associated with poorer prognosis. Immunosuppressants did not improve the AAV-ILD prognosis. But in analogy to idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, anti-fibrosing agents might be useful and should be assessed in AAV-ILD patients with a UIP pattern. Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Ltd.