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Users' experiences of a pragmatic diabetes prevention intervention implemented in primary care: qualitative study.

Research paper by Navneet N Aujla, Thomas T Yates, Helen H Dallosso, Joe J Kai

Indexed on: 06 Aug '19Published on: 05 Aug '19Published in: BMJ open



Abstract

To explore service-user and provider experience of the acceptability and value of the programme, a pragmatic 6-hour behavioural intervention using structured group education, introduced into primary care practice. Qualitative interview-based study with thematic analysis. Primary care and community. Purposeful sample of 32 participants, including 22 people at high risk of diabetes who either attended, defaulted from or declined the intervention; and 10 stakeholder professionals involved in implementation. Participants had low prior awareness of their elevated risk and were often surprised to be offered intervention. Attenders were commonly older, white, retired and motivated to promote their health; who found their session helpful, particularly for social interaction, raising dietary awareness, and convenience of community location. However attenders highlighted lack of depth, repetition within and length of session, difficulty meeting culturally diverse needs and no follow-up as negative features. Those who defaulted from, or who declined the intervention were notably apprehensive, uncertain or unconvinced about whether they were at risk of diabetes; sought more specific information about the intervention, and were deterred by its group nature and day-long duration, with competing work or family commitments. Local providers recognised inadequate communication of diabetes risk to patients. They highlighted significant challenges for implementation, including resource constraints, and facilitation at individual general practice or locality level. This pragmatic diabetes prevention intervention was acceptable in practice, particularly for older, white, retired and health-motivated people. However, pre-intervention information and communication of diabetes risk should be improved to increase engagement and reduce potential fear or uncertainty, with closer integration of services, and more appropriate care pathways, to facilitate uptake and follow-up. Further development of this, or other interventions, is needed to enable wider, and more socially diverse, engagement of people at risk. Balancing a locality and individual practice approach, and how this is resourced are considerations for long-term sustainability. © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. Re-use permitted under CC BY. Published by BMJ.