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Use of short fiber-reinforced composite with semi-interpenetrating polymer network matrix in fixed partial dentures.

Research paper by Sufyan S Garoushi, Pekka K PK Vallittu, Lippo V J LV Lassila

Indexed on: 02 Jan '07Published on: 02 Jan '07Published in: Journal of Dentistry



Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the static load-bearing capacity of fixed partial dentures (FPDs) made of experimental composite resin (FC) with short fiber fillers and interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) polymer matrix.Experimental composite FC resin was prepared by mixing short E-glass fibers (3mm in length) of 22.5wt% and IPN-resin 22.5wt% with silane treated silica fillers 55wt%. Four groups of FPDs (3-unit) were fabricated (n=6); Group A: made from commercial composite resin (Sinfony dentin, 3M-ESPE, control), Group B: Sinfony and fiber-reinforced composite (FRC) substructure, Group C: made from FC, Group D: made from FC with 1mm surface layer of Sinfony. The bridges were polymerized with a hand-light curing unit for 40s then post-cured in vacuum curing device (Visio Beta) for 15min before they were statically loaded with speed of 1mm/min until fracture. Failure modes were visually examined. Data were analyzed using ANOVA (p=0.05).ANOVA revealed that bridges made from experimental fiber composite had statistically significantly higher load-bearing capacity (2171N) (p<0.05) than the control restorations (1482N).Restorations made from short glass fiber containing composite resin with IPN-polymer matrix showed better load bearing capacity than in those made with conventional composites resin and similar with those reinforced with FRC-substructure.