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Unveiling Contextual Similarity of Things via Mining Human-Thing Interactions in the Internet of Things

Research paper by Lina Yao, Quan Z. Sheng, Anne H. H. Ngu, Byron J. Gao, Boualem Benatallah, Xue Li

Indexed on: 29 Dec '15Published on: 29 Dec '15Published in: Computer Science - Computers and Society



Abstract

With recent advances in radio-frequency identification (RFID), wireless sensor networks, and Web services, physical things are becoming an integral part of the emerging ubiquitous Web. Finding correlations of ubiquitous things is a crucial prerequisite for many important applications such as things search, discovery, classification, recommendation, and composition. This article presents DisCor-T, a novel graph-based method for discovering underlying connections of things via mining the rich content embodied in human-thing interactions in terms of user, temporal and spatial information. We model these various information using two graphs, namely spatio-temporal graph and social graph. Then, random walk with restart (RWR) is applied to find proximities among things, and a relational graph of things (RGT) indicating implicit correlations of things is learned. The correlation analysis lays a solid foundation contributing to improved effectiveness in things management. To demonstrate the utility, we develop a flexible feature-based classification framework on top of RGT and perform a systematic case study. Our evaluation exhibits the strength and feasibility of the proposed approach.