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Unsteady flow over a stretching surface with a magnetic field in a rotating fluid

Research paper by H. S. Takhar, G. Nath

Indexed on: 01 Nov '98Published on: 01 Nov '98Published in: Zeitschrift für angewandte Mathematik und Physik



Abstract

The effect of the magnetic field on the unsteady flow over a stretching surface in a rotating fluid has been studied. The unsteadiness in the flow field is due to the time–dependent variation of the velocity of the stretching surface and the angular velocity of the rotating fluid. The Navier–Stokes equations and the energy equation governing the flow and the heat transfer admit a self–similar solution if the velocity of the stretching surface and the angular velocity of the rotating fluid vary inversely as a linear function of time. The resulting system of ordinary differential equations is solved numerically using a shooting method. The rotation parameter causes flow reversal in the component of the velocity parallel to the strerching surface and the magnetic field tends to prevent or delay the flow reversal. The surface shear stresses along the stretching surface and in the rotating direction increase with the rotation parameter, but the surface heat transfer decreases. On the other hand, the magnetic field increases the surface shear stress along the stretching surface, but reduces the surface shear stress in the rotating direction and the surface heat transfer. The effect of the unsteady parameter is more pronounced on the velocity profiles in the rotating direction and temperature profiles.