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Unraveling the effects of static magnetic field stress on cytosolic proteins of Salmonella by using a proteomic approach.

Research paper by Sarra S Snoussi, Alya A El May, Laurent L Coquet, Philippe P Chan, Thierry T Jouenne, Emmanuelle E Dé, Ahmed A Landoulsi

Indexed on: 02 Mar '16Published on: 02 Mar '16Published in: Canadian journal of microbiology



Abstract

The present study investigated the adaptation of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Hadar to static magnetic field (SMF) exposure (200 mT, 9 h). The proteomic analysis provides an overview of potentially important cytosolic proteins that Salmonella needs to regulate to survive and adapt to magnetic stress. Via 2-dimensional electrophoresis and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry, we compared cytosolic proteomes before and after exposure to magnetic field. A total of 35 proteins displaying more than a 2-fold change were differentially expressed in exposed cells, among which 25 were upregulated and 10 were downregulated. These proteins can be classified mainly into 6 categories: (i) proteins involved in metabolic pathways of carbohydrates, (ii) chaperones and proteins produced in response to oxidative stress, (iii) proteins involved in energy homeostasis, (iv) elongation factors (EF-Tu and EF-Ts), (v) proteins involved in motility, and (vi) proteins involved in molecules transport. Many of the presented observations could be explained, while some represent still-unknown mechanisms. In addition, this study reveals 5 hypothetical proteins. It seems that the stress response to SMF (200 mT) is essentially set up to avoid oxidative damages, with the overexpression of proteins directly involved in oxidative stress response and metabolic switches to counteract oxidative stress. Interestingly, several proteins induced under SMF exposure are found to overlap with those induced by other stresses, such as heat shock and starvation.