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Uniformly Cohen-Macaulay simplicial complexes and almost Gorenstein* simplicial complexes

Research paper by Naoyuki Matsuoka, Satoshi Murai

Indexed on: 25 Feb '16Published on: 25 Feb '16Published in: Mathematics - Commutative Algebra



Abstract

In this paper, we study simplicial complexes whose Stanley-Reisner rings are almost Gorenstein and have $a$-invariant zero. We call such a simplicial complex an almost Gorenstein* simplicial complex. To study the almost Gorenstein* property, we introduce a new class of simplicial complexes which we call uniformly Cohen-Macaulay simplicial complexes. A $d$-dimensional simplicial complex $\Delta$ is said to be uniformly Cohen-Macaulay if it is Cohen-Macaulay and, for any facet $F$ of $\Delta$, the simplicial complex $\Delta \setminus\{F\}$ is Cohen-Macaulay of dimension $d$. We investigate fundamental algebraic, combinatorial and topological properties of these simplicial complexes, and show that almost Gorenstein* simplicial complexes must be uniformly Cohen-Macaulay. By using this fact, we show that every almost Gorenstein* simplicial complex can be decomposed into those of having one dimensional top homology. Also, we give a combinatorial criterion of the almost Gorenstein* property for simplicial complexes of dimension $\leq 2$.