Indexed on: 17 Apr '20Published on: 17 Apr '20Published in: Dalton Transactions
Blue light pumped red luminescence with broadband and high photon-energy emission is highly desired for phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes (pc-wLEDs), to achieve a high color rendering index and high luminous efficacy. Mn4+-doped red-emitting phosphors generally exhibit sharp vibronic emissions associated with the parity- and spin-forbidden 2Eg → 4A2g transitions. In this paper, two abnormal luminescence behaviors were observed for Mn4+ in the MgAl2O4:Mn4+ spinel phosphor with a short wavelength emission band peaking at 651 nm. Firstly, the Mn4+ 2Eg → 4A2g transition exhibits ultrabroadband luminescence in MgAl2O4 and the large full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) is dependent both on the calcination temperature and on the partial substitution of Al3+ with Ga3+. Secondly, the thermal quenching behavior of the Mn4+ 2Eg → 4A2g luminescence in MgAl2O4 shows a dependence on its thermal treatment and preparation method. The Rietveld refinement and Raman results demonstrate that the variation in the FWHM of the luminescence spectra is a sum effect of structural ordering (i.e., isotropic displacement decrease of constituent atoms) and the Mg ↔ Al anti-site disorder. A model for the observed varying thermal quenching of luminescence was tentatively proposed. The intrinsic thermal quenching temperature of Mn4+ luminescence in MgAl2O4 was found to be 390-400 K using the samples prepared by the co-precipitation and molten salt methods. The present work gives a novel perspective to understand the luminescence spectra of Mn4+ 2Eg → 4A2g transition.