Indexed on: 30 Jan '08Published on: 30 Jan '08Published in: Current protocols in cell biology / editorial board, Juan S. Bonifacino ... [et al.]
While one-dimensional SDS-PAGE separates proteins on the basis of size, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis separates proteins first on the basis of isoelectric point, then on the basis of size. This method is capable of resolving 1000 to 2000 separate proteins when combined with sensitive detection methods. This unit describes methods for characterizing cell lysates by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, including modifications for acidic and basic proteins, the use of immobilized pH gradients, and nonreducing/reducing electrophoretic separations. In addition there are support protocols for determining pH profiles of gels, casting Immobiline gels, preparing cell and tissue samples for isoelectric focusing, preparing molecular weight standards, and using two-dimensional protein databases.