Indexed on: 01 Dec '07Published on: 01 Dec '07Published in: Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry B
Shock-loading tests of polycrystalline copper M3 under conditions of uniaxial deformation at impact velocities of 100 to 700 m/s were performed. It was established that a threshold deformation rate exists above which dissipative structures in the dynamically deformed material arise in the form of local regions of cellular type, with a size of 15–25 μm, separated by shear plastic bands. The basic size of cellular structure domains is on the nanometer scale. The microhardness of the material within the cellular structures is somewhat higher than in the bands of plastic deformation that separate these structures. At threshold deformation rates and above it, the defect of the mass velocity, the difference between the impactor velocity for symmetrical collision and the free surface velocity at the plateau of the compression pulse, increases sharply as does the spall strength of the material.