Tumor necrosis factor alpha induction of NF-kappaB requires the novel coactivator SIMPL.

Research paper by Hyung-Joo HJ Kwon, Erin Haag EH Breese, Eva E Vig-Varga, Yong Y Luo, Younghee Y Lee, Mark G MG Goebl, Maureen A MA Harrington

Indexed on: 16 Oct '04Published on: 16 Oct '04Published in: Molecular and cellular biology


A myriad of stimuli including proinflammatory cytokines, viruses, and chemical and mechanical insults activate a kinase complex composed of IkappaB kinase beta (IKK-beta), IKK-alpha, and IKK-gamma/N, leading to changes in NF-kappaB-dependent gene expression. However, it is not clear how the NF-kappaB response is tailored to specific cellular insults. Signaling molecule that interacts with mouse pelle-like kinase (SIMPL) is a signaling component required for tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha)-dependent but not interleukin-1-dependent NF-kappaB activation. Herein we demonstrate that nuclear localization of SIMPL is required for type I TNF receptor-induced NF-kappaB activity. SIMPL interacts with nuclear p65 in a TNF-alpha-dependent manner to promote endogenous NF-kappaB-dependent gene expression. The interaction between SIMPL and p65 enhances p65 transactivation activity. These data support a model in which TNF-alpha activation of NF-kappaB dependent-gene expression requires nuclear relocalization of p65 as well as nuclear relocalization of SIMPL, generating a TNF-alpha-specific induction of gene expression.