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Tuboperitoneal anomalies among infertile women in Nigeria as seen on laparoscopy.

Research paper by Joseph O JO Ugboaja, Charlotte B CB Oguejiofor, Onyecherelam M OM Ogelle

Indexed on: 28 Nov '17Published on: 28 Nov '17Published in: International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics



Abstract

To study the prevalence and pattern of tuboperitoneal pathologies among infertile women in Nigeria, using laparoscopy.A prospective study was undertaken of infertile women who underwent diagnostic laparoscopy in two fertility clinics in Nigeria between November 2015 and April 2017. The rates of identified tuboperitoneal diseases were examined.The age of the 230 women ranged from 21 years to 46 years, and most women had a parity group of 0-1 (87.8%; n=202). Secondary infertility accounted for 124 (53.9%) cases, and the mean duration of infertility was 4.6 ± 2.7 years. Tuboperitoneal pathologies were seen in 171 (74.4%) women and mainly comprised tubal occlusion (56.5%; n=130), hydrosalpinx (41.7%; n=96), pelvic adhesions (39.6%, n=91), and endometriosis (8.8%; n=19). Bilateral tubal occlusion was seen in 46 (20.0%) women, whereas proximal tubal occlusion accounted for 73 (56.2%) of all cases of tubal occlusion.There was a high rate of tuboperitoneal abnormalities in the studied population, which mainly comprised tubal occlusion, hydrosalpinx, pelvic adhesions, and endometriosis. The introduction of laparoscopy is recommended in the initial evaluation of all women with infertility in Nigeria. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.