TRPM4 channel inhibitors 9-phenanthrol and glibenclamide differentially decrease guinea pig detrusor smooth muscle whole-cell cation currents and contractions.

Research paper by John J Malysz, Sarah E SE Maxwell, Viktor V Yarotskyy, Georgi V GV Petkov

Indexed on: 20 Dec '19Published on: 19 Dec '19Published in: American journal of physiology. Cell physiology


Non-selective cation channels, consistent with transient receptor potential melastatin-4 (TRPM4), regulate detrusor smooth muscle (DSM) function. TRPM4 channels can exist as homomers or assemble with sulfonylurea receptors (SURs) as complexes. We evaluated contributions of TRPM4/SUR-TRPM4 channels to DSM excitability and contractility by examining the effects of TRPM4/SUR-TRPM4 channel modulators: 9-phenanthrol, glibenclamide, and diazoxide on freshly-isolated guinea pig DSM cells (amphotericin-B perforated patch-clamp electrophysiology) and mucosa-free DSM strips (isometric tension recordings). In DSM cells, complete removal of extracellular Na decreased voltage-step-induced cation (non-K selective) currents. At high positive membrane potentials, 9-phenanthrol at 100 μM attenuated voltage-step-induced currents more effectively than at 30 μM, revealing concentration-dependent voltage-sensitive inhibition. In comparison to 9-phenanthrol, glibenclamide (100 μM) displayed lower inhibition of cation currents. In the presence of glibenclamide (100 μM), 9-phenanthrol (100 μM) further decreased the currents. The SUR-TRPM4 complex activator diazoxide (100-300 μM) weakly inhibited the currents. 9-Phenanthrol, but not glibenclamide or diazoxide, increased cell capacitance (a cell surface area indicator). In contractility studies, glibenclamide displayed lower potencies than 9-phenanthrol attenuating spontaneous and 20 mM KCl-induced DSM phasic contractions. While both compounds showed similar maximum inhibitions on DSM spontaneous phasic contractions, glibenclamide was generally less efficacious on 20 mM KCl-induced phasic contractions. In summary, the observed differential effects of 9-phenanthrol and glibenclamide on DSM excitability and contractility support unique mechanisms for the two compounds. The data suggest that SUR-TRPM4 complexes do not contribute to DSM function. This study advances our understanding of pharmacological effects of glibenclamide and 9-phenanthrol on DSM cell cation currents.