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Trend Over Time for Cholecystectomy following the Introduction of Laparoscopy in a Nigerian Tertiary Hospital.

Research paper by Adewale Oluseye AO Adisa, Oladejo Olukayode OO Lawal, Olusanya O Adejuyigbe

Indexed on: 02 Nov '17Published on: 02 Nov '17Published in: Nigerian journal of surgery : official publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society



Abstract

There still exist some concerns about the desirability of laparoscopic surgery in lower-middle income countries. We recently adopted laparoscopy for common general surgical procedures and observed many benefits. This study aims to describe the changing rate of cholecystectomy before and after the introduction of laparoscopy in our hospital.We reviewed the records of cholecystectomies performed before and after the introduction of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in 2009 in a single general surgery unit of the Ife Hospital Unit of the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Cholecystectomy was reviewed as a percentage of general procedures performed, and postoperative length of stay was calculated.A total of 173 cholecystectomies were performed in the hospital between January 2005 and December 2015. The yearly number rose from 7 in 2005 to 31 in 2015 corresponding to 2.7% of total elective major general surgery procedures in 2005 and 9.1% in 2015. A marked progressive increase was observed in the number and rate of cholecystectomies from 2009 following introduction of LC. From 0% in 2005, LC rose to 90% of all cholecystectomies in 2015. The mean postoperative length of stay of patients undergoing cholecystectomy declined from 5.2 days in 2005 to 3 days in 2009 and 1.8 days in 2015.This study demonstrates an increased rate of cholecystectomy following the introduction of LC in our setting. We recommend increased adoption of laparoscopy and other forms of minimally invasive surgery across the country.