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Treatment of large or giant cavernous aneurysm associated with a persistent trigeminal artery: a case report and review of literature.

Research paper by Tatsuya T Ishikawa, Koji K Yamaguchi, Hidenori H Anami, Masatake M Sumi, Tomomi T Ishikawa, Takakazu T Kawamata

Indexed on: 19 Sep '17Published on: 19 Sep '17Published in: World Neurosurgery



Abstract

Primitive trigeminal artery (PTA) is the most common anomaly of primitive carotid-basilar anastomosis and is associated with cerebrovascular anomalies, such as aneurysm. Large or giant cavernous aneurysm associated with PTA is rare, and the treatment strategies differ in comparison to large or giant aneurysm without PTA. In this article, we report an unusual case of a giant cavernous aneurysm associated with PTA and review treatment strategies for large or giant cavernous aneurysm associated with PTA.A 38-year-old woman suffered from double vision. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a mass lesion in the left cavernous sinus and magnetic resonance angiography showed a giant aneurysm at the cavernous portion of the left internal carotid artery (ICA), associated with PTA. Coil embolization, distal to the PTA, was scheduled after high-flow bypass on the same day. Computed tomography (CT) scan showed no definite infarction after treatment. A 3-dimensional CT showed disappearance of the aneurysm and good patency of bypass and PTA. The patient experienced improvements in symptoms and was discharged without neurological deficits (modified Rankin Scale 0).The treatment strategy for large or giant cavernous aneurysm associated with PTA is different from strategies used for large or giant cavernous aneurysm without PTA. Simple ligation of ICA is inadequate because the aneurysm is supplied through the PTA, from vertebro-basilar system. Furthermore, the treatment strategy has to be revised according to whether the PTA can be occluded. Keeping in mind PTA preservation, an appropriate strategy should be selected.