Indexed on: 23 Jul '04Published on: 23 Jul '04Published in: Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Spread to the central nervous system (CNS) and the leptomeninges is a frequent complication of systemic cancers that is associated with serious morbidity and high mortality. We have evaluated a novel therapeutic approach against CNS complications of breast cancer based on the human neuropathogen poliovirus (PV).Susceptibility to PV infection and ensuing rapid cell lysis is mediated by the cellular receptor of PV, CD155. We evaluated CD155 expression in several human breast tumor tissue specimens and cultured breast cancer cell lines. In addition, we tested an oncolytic PV recombinant for efficacy in xenotransplantation models of neoplastic meningitis and cerebral metastasis secondary to breast cancer.We observed that breast cancer tissues and cell lines derived thereof express CD155 at levels mediating exquisite sensitivity toward PV-induced oncolysis in the latter. An association with the immunoglobulin superfamily molecule CD155 renders breast cancer a likely target for oncolytic PV recombinants. This assumption was confirmed in xenotransplantation models for neoplastic meningitis or solitary cerebral metastasis, where local virus treatment dramatically improved survival.Our findings suggest oncolytic PV recombinants as a viable treatment option for CNS complications of breast cancer.