Indexed on: 11 Sep '04Published on: 11 Sep '04Published in: FEBS Letters
P-glycoprotein is an efflux pump for a broad spectrum of hydrophobic agents. We found that bioactive peptides including somatostatin and substance P inhibit ATP-dependent vincristine binding to P-glycoprotein-overexpressing K562/ADM membrane vesicles. Some of these bioactive peptides including somatostatin stimulate basal ATPase activity of P-glycoprotein; in contrast, other peptides including substance P inhibit it. The K562/ADM membrane vesicles showed an ATP-dependent, osmotically sensitive uptake of somatostatin and substance P, which was inhibited by valspodar, an inhibitor of P-glycoprotein. These findings suggested that certain bioactive peptides such as somatostatin and substance P directly interact with human P-glycoprotein as endogenous substrates for P-glycoprotein-mediated transport.