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Transparent or translucent emulsions, process for preparing them and cosmetic use thereof

Imported: 24 Feb '17 | Published: 09 Sep '03

Raluca Lorant, Isabelle Bara, Martin Josso, Sandrine Vernaire

USPTO - Utility Patents

Abstract

The invention relates to a transparent or translucent cosmetic emulsion comprising an aqueous phase, a fatty phase and a surfactant, the said fatty phase containing a miscible mixture of at least one cosmetic oil and of at least one volatile fluoro compound, the latter compound being present in a proportion such that the refractive index of the fatty phase is equal to ±0.05 of that of the aqueous phase.

The invention also relates to the process for preparing the emulsion.

Use of the emulsion in skincare, hair conditioning and antisun protection and/or artificial tanning.

Claims

1. Transparent or translucent cosmetic water-in-oil emulsion comprising an aqueous phase, a fatty phase and a surfactant, wherein the fatty phase contains a miscible mixture of at least one cosmetic oil and of at least one volatile fluoro compound, the latter compound being present and used in a proportion such that the refractive index of the fatty phase is equal to ±0.05 of that of the aqueous phase;

2. Emulsion according to claim 1, wherein the volatile fluoro compound is a perfluorocycloalkyl compound corresponding to formula (I) below:

in which:

with the proviso that when n=2, m is 2 and when n=3, 4 or 5 and m=2, the fluoro groups are not necessarily alpha to each other.

3. Emulsion according to claim 1, wherein the volatile fluoro compound is a perfluoroalkane of formula (II) below:

CF

3—(CF

2)

m—CF

2X  (ii)

in which:

4. Emulsion according to claim 1, wherein the volatile fluoro compound is a fluoroalkyl or a heterofluoroalkyl corresponding to formula (III) below:

CH

3—(CH

2)

n—[Z]

t—X—CF

3  (III)

in which:

5. Emulsion according to claim 1, wherein the volatile fluoro compound is a perfluoromorpholine derivative corresponding to formula (IV) below:

in which R is a C

1-C

4 perfluoroalkyl radical.

6. Emulsion according to claim 1, wherein the volatile fluoro compound is selected from the group consisting of perfluoromethylcyclopentane, perfluoro1,3-dimethylcyclohexane, perfluoro-1,2-dimethylcyclobutane, dodecafluoropentane, tetradecafluorohexane, bromoperfluorooctyl, nonafluoromethoxybutane, nonafluoroethoxybutane and 4-trifluoromethylperfluoromorpholine.

7. Emulsion according to claim 1, wherein the volatile fluoro compound is present in the said fatty phase in a proportion of at least 5% by weight relative to the total weight of the said phase.

8. Emulsion according to claim 1, wherein the said miscible cosmetic oil is selected from the group consisting of cyclotetrasiloxane, cyclopentasiloxane, cyclohexasiloxane and isododecane, and mixtures thereof.

9. Emulsion according to claim 1, wherein said emulsion also contains at least one cosmetic active principle.

10. Emulsion according to claim 1, wherein said emulsion also contains at least one sunscreen and/or self-tanning agent.

11. Emulsion according to claim 1, wherein said emulsion also contains at least one conventional cosmetic ingredient.

12. Emulsion according to claim 1, wherein said emulsion also contains a thickener.

13. Emulsion according to claim 1, wherein said emulsion is in the form of a skincare product, an antisun product and/or a self-tanning product or a hair-conditioning product.

14. A process for preparing a transparent or translucent cosmetic emulsion according to claim 1, comprising the step of adjusting the refractive index of the said fatty phase containing at least one cosmetic oil with the aid of the said volatile fluoro compound, said fluoro compound being present in a proportion such that the refractive index of the said fatty phase is equal to ±0.05 of that of the said aqueous phase.

15. The process according to claim 14, comprising of the following steps:

16. Emulsion of claim 4 wherein t=0 and m=3, 4 or 5.

17. Emulsion according to claim 1 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a refractive index (n

D

20) of less than 1.43.

18. Emulsion according to claim 2 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a refractive index (n

D

20) of less than 1.43.

19. Emulsion according to claim 3 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a refractive index (n

D

20) of less than 1.43.

20. Emulsion according to claim 4 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a refractive index (n

D

20) of less than 1.43.

21. Emulsion according to claim 5 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a refractive index (n

D

20) of less than 1.43.

22. Emulsion according to claim 1 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a refractive index (n

D

20) of less than 1.40.

23. Emulsion according to claim 2 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a refractive index (n

D

20) of less than 1.40.

24. Emulsion according to claim 3 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a refractive index (n

D

20) of less than 1.40.

25. Emulsion according to claim 4 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a refractive index (n

D

20) of less than 1.40.

26. Emulsion according to claim 5 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a refractive index (n

D

20) of less than 1.40.

27. Emulsion according to claim 1 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a refractive index (n

D

20) of less than 1.36.

28. Emulsion according to claim 2 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a refractive index (n

D

20) of less than 1.36.

29. Emulsion according to claim 3 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a refractive index (n

D

20) of less than 1.36.

30. Emulsion according to claim 4 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a refractive index (n

D

20) of less than 1.36.

31. Emulsion according to claim 5 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a refractive index (n

D

20) of less than 1.36.

32. Emulsion according to claim 1 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a density greater than 1.

33. Emulsion according to claim 2 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a density greater than 1.

34. Emulsion according to claim 3 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a density greater than 1.

35. Emulsion according to claim 4 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a density greater than 1.

36. Emulsion according to claim 5 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a density greater than 1.

37. Emulsion according to claim 1 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a density greater than 1.2.

38. Emulsion according to claim 2 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a density greater than 1.2.

39. Emulsion according to claim 3 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a density greater than 1.2.

40. Emulsion according to claim 4 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a density greater than 1.2.

41. Emulsion according to claim 5 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a density greater than 1.2.

42. Emulsion according to claim 13 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a refractive index (n

D

20) of less than 1.43.

43. Emulsion according to claim 13 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a refractive index (n

D

20) of less than 1.40.

44. Emulsion according to claim 13 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a refractive index (n

D

20) of less than 1.36.

45. Emulsion according to claim 13 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a density greater than 1.

46. Emulsion according to claim 13 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a density greater than 1.2.

47. Emulsion according to claim 2, wherein said emulsion also contains at least one cosmetic active principle.

48. Emulsion according to claim 3, wherein said emulsion also contains at least one cosmetic active principle.

49. Emulsion according to claim 5, wherein said emulsion also contains at least one cosmetic active principle.

50. Emulsion according to claim 2, wherein said emulsion also contains at least one sunscreen and/or self-tanning agent.

51. Emulsion according to claim 3, wherein said emulsion also contains at least one sunscreen and/or self-tanning agent.

52. Emulsion according to claim 5, wherein said emulsion also contains at least one sunscreen and/or self-tanning agent.

53. Emulsion according to claim 2, wherein said emulsion also contains at least one conventional cosmetic ingredient.

54. Emulsion according to claim 3, wherein said emulsion also contains at least one conventional cosmetic ingredient.

55. Emulsion according to claim 5, wherein said emulsion also contains at least one conventional cosmetic ingredient.

56. Emulsion according to claim 2, wherein said emulsion also contains a thickener.

57. Emulsion according to claim 3, wherein said emulsion also contains a thickener.

58. Emulsion according to claim 5, wherein said emulsion also contains a thickener.

59. Emulsion according to claim 2, wherein said emulsion is in the form of a skincare product, an antisun product and/or a self-tanning product or a hair-conditioning product.

60. Emulsion according to claim 3, wherein said emulsion is in the form of a skincare product, an antisun product and/or a self-tanning product or a hair-conditioning product.

61. Emulsion according to claim 5, wherein said emulsion is in the form of a skincare product, an antisun product and/or a self-tanning product or a hair-conditioning product.

62. A process for preparing a transparent or translucent cosmetic emulsion according to claim 2, comprising the step of adjusting the refractive index of the said fatty phase containing at least one cosmetic oil with the aid of the said volatile fluoro compound, said fluoro compound being present in a proportion such that the refractive index of the said fatty phase is equal to ±0.05 of that of the said aqueous phase.

63. A process for preparing a transparent or translucent cosmetic emulsion according to claim 3, comprising the step of adjusting the refractive index of the said fatty phase containing at least one cosmetic oil with the aid of the said volatile fluoro compound, said fluoro compound being present in a proportion such that the refractive index of the said fatty phase is equal to ±0.05 of that of the said aqueous phase.

64. A process for preparing a transparent or translucent cosmetic emulsion according to claim 5, comprising the step of adjusting the refractive index of the said fatty phase containing at least one cosmetic oil with the aid of the said volatile fluoro compound, said fluoro compound being present in a proportion such that the refractive index of the said fatty phase is equal to ±0.05 of that of the said aqueous phase.

65. Emulsion according to claim 16 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a refractive index (n

D

20) of less than 1.43.

66. Emulsion according to claim 16 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a refractive index (n

D

20) of less than 1.40.

67. Emulsion according to claim 16 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a refractive index (n

D

20) of less than 1.36.

68. Emulsion according to claim 16 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a density greater than 1.

69. Emulsion according to claim 16 wherein the volatile fluoro compound has a density greater than 1.2.

70. Emulsion according to claim 16, wherein said emulsion also contains at least one cosmetic active principle.

71. Emulsion according to claim 16, wherein said emulsion also contains at least one sunscreen and/or self-tanning agent.

72. Emulsion according to claim 16, wherein said emulsion also contains at least one conventional cosmetic ingredient.

73. Emulsion according to claim 16, wherein said emulsion also contains a thickener.

74. Emulsion according to claim 16, wherein said emulsion is in the form of a skincare product, an antisun product and/or a self-tanning product or a hair conditioning product.

75. A process for preparing a transparent or translucent cosmetic emulsion according to claim 16, comprising the step of adjusting the refractive index of the said fatty phase containing at least one cosmetic oil with the aid of the said volatile fluoro compound, said fluoro compound being present in a proportion such that the refractive index of the said fatty phase is equal to ±0.05 of that of the said aqueous phase.