Indexed on: 01 Oct '95Published on: 01 Oct '95Published in: Journal of Neuroscience Research
The effects of 5 mM NaF + 10 microM AlCl3, a direct activator of guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins), on the release of [3H]dopamine ([3H]DA), [3H]gamma-aminobutyric acid ([3H]GABA), and [3H]acethylcholine ([3H]ACh) were investigated in slices of rat striatum. When the tissue was exposed to NaF + AlCl3 the release of [3H]DA, [3H]GABA, and [3H]ACh was enhanced significantly. In a calcium-free solution the release of [3H]GABA and [3H]DA was increased by NaF+AlCl3 much more than in the presence of [Ca2+]o. In slice preparations taken from reserpinized animals, in which the vesicular storage of [3H]DA was therefore prevented, NaF + AlCl3 had no effect on [3H]DA release. HPLC analysis of the radioactivity of the perfusate showed that, in the presence of NaF + AlCl3, the content of dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) in perfusate samples increased significantly, while in pargyline-treated animals only the DA content was increased. Inhibition of DA carriers by nomifensine or low temperature prevented the effect of NaF + AlCl3. N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) preincubation did not modify the effect of NaF + AlCl3 on [3H]DA release Neomycin (0.1 mM), a phospholipase C (PLC) inhibitor, significantly decreased the effect of NaF + AlCl3 on [3H]DA and [3H]GABA release. The internal concentration of Ca2+ in synaptosomes was enhanced by NaF + AlCl3 in normal solution. However, [Ca2+]i was not influenced by NaF + AlCl3 in Ca(2+)-free medium. It is concluded that a non-receptor-mediated activation, by NaF + AlCl3, of the alpha-subunit of a G protein, results in a [Ca2+]o-independent release of DA and GABA, but not that of ACh.