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Translucency and masking ability of various opaque-shade composite resins.

Research paper by Sung Joon SJ Kim, Ho Hyun HH Son, Byung Hoon BH Cho, In Bog IB Lee, Chung Moon CM Um

Indexed on: 26 Nov '08Published on: 26 Nov '08Published in: Journal of Dentistry



Abstract

The aims of this study were to evaluate the adequate thickness of opaque resins for situations such as an oral black cavity and discolored tooth structure, as well as the translucency of each opaque material at various thicknesses.Six opaque-shade composite resins (Z-350 OA3, Amelogen Universal A2O, Esthet-X A2O, Esthet-X A4O, Charmfil UO, and Aelite Universal OA3) were prepared in metal molds with a hole of 8mm in diameter and various thicknesses (0.5mm, 1.0mm, 1.5mm, 2.0mm, 2.5mm, 3.0mm and 4.0mm). Four backgrounds (white tile, black tile, C4 shade porcelain and opaque resin itself) were used to determine the translucency parameter (TP) (between black and white backgrounds), and to mimic a black oral cavity (between black and opaque resin backgrounds) and a discolored tooth structure (between C4 and opaque resin backgrounds). Color measurements were made by a colorimeter to determine the CIELAB values of each specimen with each background and to calculate the TP and DeltaE* value difference among the specimens on the backgrounds.TP and DeltaE* obtained between black and opaque resin backgrounds decreased in similar pattern as thickness increased. A C4 background was masked by resin thicknesses of 0.5-1.0mm, while a black background required thicknesses of 1.0-2.0mm.This study can provide helpful guidelines for the esthetic restoration of discolored tooth structures or 'through and through' class III and IV cavities with composite resin materials.