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Transition-metal-complexed catenanes and rotaxanes: from dynamic systems to functional molecular machines.

Imported: 05 May '16 | Published: 25 Feb '14

Stéphanie S Durot, Valérie V Heitz, Angélique A Sour, Jean-Pierre JP Sauvage

Topics in current chemistry

Abstract: Transition metal-based catenanes and rotaxanes constitute a specific class of mechanically interlocked molecules whose metal centers are essential both as templates in the construction of the compounds and for their ability to induce large-amplitude motions. In the present chapter we will first present a historical perspective of the field of interlocking compounds in general, in relation to molecular machines, starting with old work dating back to the 1980s and 1990s. Copper was shown many years ago to be the metal of choice for synthesizing the compounds via a template approach and for setting the molecules in motion using a redox signal (Cu(II)/Cu(I)). In a second paragraph, we will discuss various rotaxanes able to undergo a pirouetting motion of the axis within the threaded ring. Two families of such molecules will be mentioned: (1) a porphyrin-containing [2]rotaxane whose pirouetting motion is induced by a chemical reaction and (2) electrochemically driven systems. In this second category of [2]rotaxanes, the rate of motion could be dramatically increased by gradually modifying structural parameters and, in particular, by making the... Read More

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