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Transformation of intermediate times in the decays of moving unstable quantum systems via the exponential modes

Research paper by Filippo Giraldi

Indexed on: 13 Feb '19Published on: 13 Feb '19Published in: arXiv - Quantum Physics



Abstract

The transformation of canonical decay laws of moving unstable quantum systems is studied by approximating, over intermediate times, the decay laws at rest with superpositions of exponential modes via the Prony analysis. The survival probability $\mathcal{P}_p(t)$, which is detected in the laboratory reference frame where the unstable system moves with constant linear momentum $p$, is represented by the transformed form $\mathcal{P}_0\left(\varphi_p(t)\right)$ of the survival probability at rest $\mathcal{P}_0(t)$. The transformation of the intermediate times, which is induced by the change of reference frame, is obtained by evaluating the function $\varphi_p(t)$. Under determined conditions, this function grows linearly and the survival probability transforms, approximately, according to a scaling law over an estimated time window. The relativistic dilation of times holds, approximately, over the time window if the mass of resonance of the mass distribution density is considered to be the effective mass at rest of the moving unstable quantum system.