Indexed on: 01 Oct '05Published on: 01 Oct '05Published in: Endocrinology
Endometriosis, defined as the presence of endometrial glandular and stromal cells outside the uterine cavity, is a common gynecological disease with poorly understood pathogenesis. Using laser capture microdissection and a cDNA microarray with 9600 genes/expressed sequence tags (ESTs), we have conducted a comprehensive profiling of gene expression differences between the ectopic and eutopic endometrium taken from 12 women with endometriosis adjusted for menstrual phase and the location of the lesions. With dye-swapping and replicated arrays, we found 904 genes/ESTs that are differentially expressed. We validated the gene expression using real-time RT-PCR. We found that the expression patterns of these genes/ESTs correctly classified the 12 patients into ovarian and nonovarian endometriosis. We identified gene clusters that are location-specific. In addition, we identified several biological themes using Expression Analysis Systematic Explorer. Finally, we identified 79 pathways with over 100 genes with known functions, which include oxidative stress, focal adhesion, Wnt signaling, and MAPK signaling. The identification of these genes and their associated pathways provides new insight. Our findings will stimulate future investigations on molecular genetic mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of endometriosis.