Indexed on: 01 Jun '90Published on: 01 Jun '90Published in: Journal of Statistical Physics
It has been proved that a tracer particle in a reversible lattice gas converges to Brownian motion. However, only in a few particular cases has a strictly positive self-diffusion coefficientD been established. Here we supply the missing piece and show thatD>0 in general. The exceptions are one-dimensional lattice gases with nearest neighbor jumps only, for whichD=0. The proof establishes a variational formula forD which could be used to obtain realistic bounds.