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Toxicity assessment of chlorpyrifos-degrading fungal bio-composites and their environmental risks.

Research paper by Jie J Liu, Xiaoying X Zhang, Mengran M Yang, Meiying M Hu, Guohua G Zhong

Indexed on: 03 Feb '18Published on: 03 Feb '18Published in: Scientific Reports



Abstract

Bioremediation techniques coupling with functional microorganisms have emerged as the most promising approaches for in-situ elimination of pesticide residue. However, the environmental safety of bio-products based on microorganisms or engineered enzymes was rarely known. Here, we described the toxicity assessment of two previously fabricated fungal bio-composites which were used for the biodegradation of chlorpyrifos, to clarify their potential risks on the environment and non-target organisms. Firstly, the acute and chronic toxicity of prepared bio-composites were evaluated using mice and rabbits, indicating neither acute nor chronic effect was induced via short-term or continuous exposure. Then, the acute mortality on zebrafish was investigated, which implied the application of fungal bio-composites had no lethal risk on aquatic organisms. Meanwhile, the assessment on soil organic matters suggested that no threat was posed to soil quality. Finally, by monitoring, the germination of cabbage was not affected by the exposure to two bio-products. Therefore, the application of fungal bio-composites for chlorpyrifos elimination cannot induce toxic risk to the environment and non-target organisms, which insured the safety of these engineered bio-products for realistic management of pesticide residue, and provided new insights for further development of bioremediation techniques based on functional microorganisms.