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Total Maxillary Alveolar Osteotomy: Surgical Technique and Review of Its Efficacy.

Research paper by Robert B RB MacIntosh, Prasanna-Kumar PK Shivapuja, Erik D ED Warren

Indexed on: 30 Jan '18Published on: 30 Jan '18Published in: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery



Abstract

The total maxillary alveolar osteotomy (TMxAO) is not commonly used to manage maxillary skeletal deformities. This article describes the technique, reviews its stability, and discusses its advantages over the more popular Le Fort I osteotomy.A series of 177 TMxAO patients satisfying the inclusion criteria from a cadre of 234 patients undergoing TMxAO between 1985 and 1993 were evaluated in a retrospective cohort study regarding achievement of predicted anatomic movements, stability of skeletal results, and preservation of inter-alar dimension. The patients were evaluated early postoperatively and at 11 to 14 months postoperatively, and the data were exposed to the Shapiro-Wilk test and analysis of variance and analyzed using SPSS software (version 21; IBM, Armonk, NY) at the 99% level of confidence (P ≤ .01).Only in 58% of patients did the designed millimetric study model changes correspond precisely to the millimetric changes disclosed in a comparison of preoperative and early postoperative cephalograms. Comparison of early and late postoperative cephalograms, with infrequent exceptions, described millimetric instabilities of less than 2 mm and angular instabilities of less than 2°. Despite 2 significant outliers, the average inter-alar instability as determined by direct measurement was 0.19 mm.This study suggests that the TMxAO compares favorably in stability with the Le Fort I osteotomy as recorded in the literature and, in terms of versatility, mobility of segments, avoidance of anatomic hazard, and preservation of nasal width, offers advantages in comparison.