Indexed on: 12 Apr '19Published on: 11 Apr '19Published in: PloS one
Brachial artery reactivity (BAR) is usually determined as the maximum brachial artery diameter (BAD) following release of an occluding pressure cuff compared to a BAD before cuff inflation. BAD early after cuff deflation can also serve as baseline for estimating total brachial artery reactivity (TBAR). We investigate whether TBAR is associated with first time coronary heart disease events. Participants of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (n = 5499) consisting of whites, African-Americans, Chinese and Hispanics were followed longitudinally for a mean of 12.5 years. Brachial artery ultrasound was performed following five minutes of cuff occlusion at the forearm. TBAR was estimated from BAD following cuff release as the difference between maximum and minimum brachial artery diameters divided by the minimum diameter multiplied by 100%. TBAR was added to multivariable Cox proportional hazards models with Framingham risk factors as predictors and time to first coronary heart disease event as outcome. Average TBAR was 9.7% (9.7 SD). Mean age was 61.7 years, 50.9% women. Increased TBAR was associated with lower risk of CHD events with a hazard rate of 0.78 per SD increase (95% C.I. 0.67, 0.91; p = 0.001). A TBAR below the median of 7.87% (Inter Quartile Range: 4.16%, 13.0%) was associated with a 31% lower risk of coronary heart disease event (Hazard Ratio: 0.69; 95% C.I.: 0.55, 0.87). TBAR is an independent predictor of first time coronary heart disease events and is exclusively measured after release of a blood pressure occlusion cuff.