Topological Order in Projected Wave Functions and Effective Theories of Quantum Antiferromagnets

Research paper by Tao Li, Hong-Yu Yang

Indexed on: 11 Feb '07Published on: 11 Feb '07Published in: Physics - Superconductivity


We study the topological order in RVB state derived from Gutzwiller projection of BCS-like mean field state. We propose to construct the topological excitation on the projected RVB state through Gutzwiller projection of mean field state with inserted $Z_{2}$ flux tube. We prove that all projected RVB states derived from bipartite effective theories, no matter the gauge structure in the mean field ansatz, are positive definite in the sense of the Marshall sign rule, which provides a universal origin for the absence of topological order in such RVB state.