Toolbox of resonant quantum gates in Circuit QED

Research paper by G. Haack, F. Helmer, M. Mariantoni, F. Marquardt, E. Solano

Indexed on: 11 Aug '10Published on: 11 Aug '10Published in: Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect


We propose the implementation of fast resonant gates in circuit quantum electrodynamics for quantum information processing. We show how a suitable utilization of three-level superconducting qubits inside a resonator constitutes a key tool to perform diverse two-qubit resonant gates, improving the operation speed when compared to slower dispersive techniques. To illustrate the benefit of resonant two-qubit gates in circuit QED, we consider the implementation of a two-dimensional cluster state in an array of N x N superconducting qubits by using resonant controlled-phase (CPHASE) and one-qubit gates, where the generation time grows linearly with N. For N=3, and taking into account decoherence mechanisms, a fidelity over 60% for the generation of this cluster state is obtained.