Indexed on: 01 Dec '02Published on: 01 Dec '02Published in: Inflammation
Dietary copper deficiency promotes neutrophil accumulation in rat lungs. We have now investigated the potential mechanisms of this effect. Male weanling rats were fed a Cu-adequate (6.0 mg diet) or Cu-deficient diet (0.30 mg) for 4 wks. Endothelial intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression was measured in vivo and in vitro using a radiolabeled monoclonal antibody to rat ICAM-1. Tissue neutrophil accumulation was measured by myeloperoxidase (MPO) content and neutrophil transendothelial migration was assessed in vitro. Dietary copper deficiency had no effects on the expression of ICAM-1 in lung, liver, heart, kidney, or cremaster. However, MPO content was significantly greater in the lungs of copper-deficient rats. Endotoxin-induced ICAM-1 expression was greater in the lungs and hearts of copper-deficient rats. Similarly, cultured rat endothelial cells that were Cu-chelated expressed more ICAM-1 after endotoxin. This correlated with the significant increase in MPO in lungs of copper-deficient rats treated with endotoxin. The results suggest a tissue-specific difference in ICAM-1 expression and neutrophil accumulation during inflammation in copper-deficient rats. The findings suggest that lung inflammatory mechanisms are particularly sensitive to copper deficiency.