Tight Lower Complexity Bounds for Strongly Convex Finite-Sum Optimization

Research paper by Min Zhang, Yao Shu, Kun He

Indexed on: 20 Oct '20Published on: 17 Oct '20Published in: arXiv - Computer Science - Learning


Finite-sum optimization plays an important role in the area of machine learning, and hence has triggered a surge of interest in recent years. To address this optimization problem, various randomized incremental gradient methods have been proposed with guaranteed upper and lower complexity bounds for their convergence. Nonetheless, these lower bounds rely on certain conditions: deterministic optimization algorithm, or fixed probability distribution for the selection of component functions. Meanwhile, some lower bounds even do not match the upper bounds of the best known methods in certain cases. To break these limitations, we derive tight lower complexity bounds of randomized incremental gradient methods, including SAG, SAGA, SVRG, and SARAH, for two typical cases of finite-sum optimization. Specifically, our results tightly match the upper complexity of Katyusha when each component function is strongly convex and smooth, and tightly match the upper complexity of SDCA without duality and of KatyushaX when the finite-sum function is strongly convex and the component functions are average smooth.