Third-time ("redo-redo") anti-reflux surgery: patient-reported outcomes after a thoracoabdominal approach.

Research paper by Nikhil N Panda, David W DW Rattner, Christopher R CR Morse

Indexed on: 31 Jul '20Published on: 08 Aug '19Published in: Surgical Endoscopy


Approximately 3-6% of patients undergoing anti-reflux surgery require "redo" surgery for persistent gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Further surgery for patients with two failed prior anti-reflux operations is controversial due to the morbidity of reoperation and poor outcomes. We examined our experience with surgical revision of patients with at least two failed anti-reflux operations. Adults undergoing at least a second-time revision anti-reflux surgery between 1999 and 2017 were eligible. The primary outcomes were general and disease-specific quality-of-life (QoL) scores determined by Short-Form-36 (SF36) and GERD-Health-Related QoL (GERD-HRQL) instruments, respectively. Secondary outcomes included perioperative morbidity and mortality. Eighteen patients undergoing redo-redo surgery (13 with 2 prior operations, 5 with 3 prior operations) were followed for a median of 6 years [IQR 3, 12]. Sixteen patients (89%) underwent open revisions (14 thoracoabdominal, 2 laparotomy) and two patients had laparoscopic revisions. Indications for surgery included reflux (10 patients), regurgitation (5 patients), and dysphagia (3 patients). Intraoperative findings were mediastinal wrap herniation (9 patients), misplaced wrap (2 patients), mesh erosion (1 patient), or scarring/stricture (6 patients). Procedures performed included Collis gastroplasty + fundoplication (6 patients), redo fundoplication (5 patients), esophagogastrectomy (4 patients), and primary hiatal closure (3 patients). There were no deaths and 13/18 patients (72%) had no postoperative complications. Ten patients completed QoL surveys; 8 reported resolution of reflux, 6 reported resolution of regurgitation, while 4 remained on proton-pump inhibitors (PPI). Mean SF36 scores (± standard deviation) in the study cohort in the eight QoL domains were as follows: physical functioning (79.5 [± 19.9]), physical role limitations (52.5 [± 46.3]), emotional role limitations (83.3 [± 36.1]), vitality (60.0 [± 22.7]), emotional well-being (88.4 [± 8.7]), social functioning (75.2 [± 31.0]), pain (66.2 [± 30.9]), and general health (55.0 [± 39.0]). An open thoracoabdominal approach in appropriately selected patients needing third-time anti-reflux surgery carries low morbidity and provides excellent results as reflected in QoL scores.