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Thiourea-doped ammonium dihydrogen phosphate: A single crystal neutron diffraction investigation

Research paper by A. Jayarama, M. R. Suresh Kumar, S. M. Dharmaprakash, R. Chitra, R. R. Choudhury

Indexed on: 18 Feb '09Published on: 18 Feb '09Published in: Pramana



Abstract

Thiourea-doped ammonium dihydrogen phosphate (TADP) exhibits nonlinear optical property and the second harmonic generation efficiency of these crystals is three times that of pure ammonium dihydrogen phosphate (ADP) crystal. In this context, the study of structural distortion in the thiourea-doped ADP crystal is significant, hence single neutron diffraction investigations were undertaken. The final R-factors are: R[F2 > 2σ(F2)] = 0.11, Goodness of fit(S) = 1.15. Though the dopant could not be located from the difference Fourier map, the cell parameters (a = b = 7.531(3) A, c = 7.544(5) Å) were found to be significantly greater than that of pure ADP at RT (a = b = 7.502(1) Å, c = 7.546(1) Å). This indicates that the dopant concentration in the crystals is small but enough to bring changes in the overall average structure.